gimyong หาดใหญ่
ศูนย์ประชุมนานาชาติฉลองสิริราชสมบัติครบ ๖๐ ปี
 


ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand  (อ่าน 2323 ครั้ง)

GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #30 เมื่อ: 14:07 น. วันที่ 20 ต.ค.64 »
What is LNG Storage Tank? and what it’s used for?

In the shipping sector, liquefied natural gas (LNG) has firmly established itself as the fuel of choice for the future, according to a wide range of participants. Despite this upbeat outlook, one of the most significant barriers to switching to natural gas is the expensive initial investment required for LNG storage facilities. Supplier is continuing to investigate innovative ways of integrating technology in order to provide cost-effective storage solutions for gas-fueled boats of any size and LNG installed volume, regardless of their fuel source.

Shipping is a truly global business with fierce competition on an ongoing basis. Increased public pressure to reduce the sector’s environmental effect only serves to increase customers’ desire to lower their expenses. In order to save money and stay one step ahead of the competition, it may be necessary to implement innovative new solutions or repurpose existing technology from other industries. The latter method is often less complicated, involves less risks, and results in a shorter time to market. The evaluation of current technologies and their cost drivers, as a consequence, may aid in the creation of strategies for overcoming implementation roadblocks. Of course, each Supplier solution takes into account the unique needs of each customer, but this research outlines a few of the ways in which Supplier may help more customers in realizing the environmental and economic benefits of LNG.

Installations and equipment for liquefied natural gas – EN 1473
Cryogenic Liquid Vacuum Storage Tank

Euronorm It is the European standard EN 1473 Installation and equipment for liquefied natural gas, which serves as the overarching document for the design, building, and operation of all onshore LNG facilities. It includes installations for liquefaction and regasification, as well as storage facilities, which are often referred to as tanks in the industry. Environment compatibility, safety needs, risk assessments, and safety engineering are all addressed in detail in EN 1473, which specifies terminology and imposes standards to be taken into consideration throughout the design process. These LNG facilities are specified in detail in the standard and in Annex G: – LNG export terminal; – LNG receiving terminal; – LNG peak-shaving plants; and – LNG satellite plants.

Some parts of this standard have a direct impact on the design and construction of concrete tanks, while others have a less direct impact. This includes suggestions on how to evaluate safety and environmental compatibility, which are included in Chapter 4, for example. A thorough environmental impact assessment (EIA) must be carried out after the site has been determined. It is necessary to do this evaluation in order to determine the total amount of solids, liquids, and gases released by the facility during both regular operation and accidents. It is essential that plants be built in such a manner that gas is not constantly flared or vented, but is instead recovered to the greatest extent feasible, and that hazards to persons and property both within and outside the facility are minimized to a level that is widely considered acceptable. The study of the site may provide load scenarios that are important for the design, such as tsunamis or blast pressure waves,amongst other possibilities. It is necessary to include information on the existence of karst, gypsum and swelling clays in geological and tectonic soil surveys, as well as the susceptibility of the soil to liquefaction, the physical formation process, and the possibility for seismic activity in the future.

When constructing an LNG plant, it is necessary to do a risk assessment. The guidance in Annexes I, J, and K (which are given only for informational reasons) pertains to establishing frequency ranges, classes of consequence, degrees of risk, and acceptance criteria, among other things. A risk category is given to the plant based on a study of frequency ranges and consequence classes, and the plant is assigned to one of three risk categories. If the risk is acceptable, it must be lowered to a level that is as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP), if it is unacceptable, it falls into one of the categories listed above. In the annexes, the values specified are minimum requirements that may be increased by national laws or project specifications.

When doing a hazard and operation study (HAZOP), risk assessment is often included, but other methods are also allowed, such as failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA), event tree method (ETM), and fault tree method (FTM). It is necessary to categorize plant systems and components based on their relevance to safety within the scope of the risk assessment. Here, there is a division into two categories: class A, which includes systems that are critical to plant safety or protection systems that must be kept operational to ensure a minimum level of safety; and class B, which includes systems that perform functions that are critical to plant operation or systems whose failure could result in a major impact on the environment or create an additional hazard.

Sections 6.3 and 6.4 are particularly important for the design of concrete storage tanks, respectively. Section 6.3 and Annex H include specifics and illustrations of the different tank types, information that is complemented by the more comprehensive requirements of EN 14620 Part 1 (European Standard for Pressure Vessels). Because it covers spherical tanks as well as concrete tanks with both the main and secondary containers constructed of prestressed concrete, EN 1473 goes farther than EN 14620 in terms of the information that it provides. 6.4 defines design principles, which include criteria for fluid-tightness, maximum and minimum pressures, tank connections, thermal insulation, instrumentation, heating, and liquid level restrictions, among other things. These principles allow for the development of design criteria for the architecture of the facility, the minimum distance between tanks, and the consideration of potential sources of danger such as fire or blast pressure wave, among other things.

Construction of LNG Tanks – EN 14620 The European Standard EN 14620, which specifies the design and manufacture of site-built vertical, cylindrical, flat-bottomed steel tanks for the storage of refrigerated, liquefied gases with operating temperatures ranging from zero degrees Celsius to one hundred and sixty degrees Celsius, is divided into five parts:

Part 1: Overarching Concepts
Part 2: Components made of metal
Part 3: Components made of concrete
Part 4: Components of the insulation
Part 5: Testing, drying, purging, and cooling-down procedures.

Types of LNG Storage Tanks

Type of LNG tanks

Liquefied gas storage tanks are classified according to their kind and size according to a variety of standards and rules that vary in terms of when they were issued as well as the amount of information they provide. The two German standards, DIN EN 1473 and DIN EN 14620, are even diametrically opposed in terms of the language they use. This section will make use of either the terminology found in the British counterpart, BS EN 1473, or the terms found in API 625. BS EN 1473 is the British equivalent of API 625. From a practical standpoint, the term “containment tank system,” as used in API 625, seems to be the most suitable, since the many, but coordinated, components work together to form a cohesive system as a result of their interaction. According to the standards EEMUA, BS 7777, EN 1473, EN 14620- 1, NFPA 59A, and API 625, containment tank systems may be classified as single, double, or complete containment tank systems. There is one additional tank type that is described in more depth in the European standards EN 1473 and EN 14620, and that is the membrane tank.

Until the 1970s, the only kind of tank that was constructed was the single-wall tank. It was the hazard scenarios resulting from abnormal actions such as failure of the inner tank, fire, blast pressure wave, and impact that inspired the subsequent further development of the various types of tanks or tank systems, and the associated requirements placed on the materials and construction details. Because of the dangers that a tank failure poses to the surrounding regions, it is essential to choose the appropriate kind of tank system.

It will be shown, using the failure of the inner container, the consequences of such a failure on the tank as a whole and its surroundings for three widely used tank systems. It will also be discussed how these three tank systems have evolved over time.
https://www.gmsthailand.com/blog/what-is-lng-storage-tank/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #31 เมื่อ: 15:36 น. วันที่ 20 ต.ค.64 »
Cameron choke valve – flow control industry standard

Cameron’s choke valve is designed to provide precise flow control throughout their entire operating range, with a well-proven track record in the field :

Overview – Control Choke valve
Cameron’s control choke valve is designed to provide precise flow control throughout their entire operating range, with a well-proven track record in the field :
        - Control choke valve is suitable for a wide variety of applications, including production, injection, artificial lift, flowback, storage, etc.
        - Commonly installed on Christmas trees, manifolds, line heaters, offshore platforms, FPSOs, and other equipment, providing precise flow control under severe service conditions.
        - Available with plug & cage, external-sleeve or multistage trim types.
        - Multiple flow characteristics, including ‘linear’ or ‘equal percentage’, with special trim solutions available in response to specific challenges.
        - Special trim solutions include ultra-low Cv, low noise, and well cleanup types.
        - Control chokes offer a complete solution from startup to late life conditions, with the flexibility to easily retrofit various trim types as conditions evolve.
        - Available in manual and actuated configurations, including multiple actuator types.

Application of Cameron’s Control Choke Valve
        - Selection of the correct trim size and type is vital to the successful and reliable operation of a choke. Cameron offers a computer-based choke sizing program to optimize choke sizing and selection for you.
        - Based on flow and pressure requirements of the application, the program analyzes and specifies the optimal choke size and trim configuration.
        - Features of the program include
        - capability to size a large number of chokes and flow conditions
        - modular sizing program structure that enables the addition of new choke and choke trim data updates as needed
        - graphics capabilities
        - project worksheet and Cv curve printouts
        - choke sizing per ANSI/ISA S75.01 specifications
        - flow testing per ANSI/ISA S75.02 specifications
        - noise prediction and testing per ANSI/ISA S75.07 specifications.

External Sleeve Control Choke for low-capacity, high-pressure-drop applications
       - The external sleeve control choke has a sleeve that throttles the flow on the external diameter of the ported cage. The external sleeve trim is particularly suited for low-capacity/high pressure-drop applications. The external sleeve is designed specifically for severely erosive service where the combination of high pressure drops and high sand concentrations can reduce the life of a choke.
        - Available in various sizes ranging from CC15 to CC80 choke models.
        - Tungsten carbide-lined external sleeve and solid tungsten carbide cage/seat provide optimum wear resistance in erosive conditions.
        - Metal body-to-bonnet gasket for absolute pressure containment.
        - Reverse angle external sleeve improves flow dynamics within the trim.
        - Self-flushing, pressure-balanced ports reduced stem loads and actuator output requirements.
        - Heavy-duty thrust bearings reduce operating torque.
        - Pressure-balance seals are a key feature of the pressurbalanced trim arrangement, reducing operating forces and enabling greater ease of adjustment.

Features
        - Large visual indicator provides position in 1/64 in (bean) as standard.
        - External grease port lubricates threads and bearings.
        - Stem lock maintains set position.
        - Bleed plug assembly vents pressure before disassembly.
        - Antirotation key translates rotation from the drive bushing into linear movement of the lower stem/flow plug assembly.
        - Two-piece stem is threaded and locked, and is removed from wellbore fluids.
        - Large annulus area reduces the risk of body and trim erosion caused by high velocities.

All control chokes are available in manually operated or actuated models. Custom-designed trim components to suit a wide variety of Cv capacities and flow characteristics also are available

Plug & Cage Control choke
        - The plug and cage control choke uses the plug as the controlling element and throttles the flow on the internal diameter of the ported cage. The ports in the cage are sized and arranged to give the most appropriate combination of control and flow capacity for each application.
        - A major consideration when sizing the choke is the ability to closely manage well startup while optimizing capacity toward the end of well life to maximize production.
        - The plug and cage design is highly optimized and incorporates the largest-possible flow area, making it ideal for high-capacity applications. Plug and cage chokes also are constructed with a solid tungsten carbide plug tip and inner cage for extended resistance to erosion. These valves may further be configured with a solid tungsten carbide wear sleeve in the outlet of the body to provide enhanced protection in sandy service.

This trim also includes a thick metal outer cage to ensure maximum protection against solid impacts from debris in the flow. The combined result is a versatile, robust, erosion-resistant trim with suitability for a broad range of challenging applications.

        - Available in various sizes ranging from CC15 to CC80 choke models.
        - Tungsten carbide plug tip in conjunction with solid tungsten carbide cage optimizes wear resistance in erosive conditions.
        - Metal body-to-bonnet gasket for absolute pressure containment.
        - Fully guided plug reduces side loading and vibration.
        - Self-flushing, pressure-balanced ports reduce stem loads and actuator output requirements.
        - Heavy-duty thrust bearings reduce operating torque.
        - Pressure-balance seals are a key feature of the pressure-balanced trim arrangement, reducing operating forces and enabling greater ease of adjustment.
        - Metal outer cage protects from impact damage.

The control choke model
CC15 Control Choke Valve



CC20 Control Choke Valve


CC30 Control Choke Valve

High Temp and High Pressure Application

https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/cameron-control-choke-valve/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #32 เมื่อ: 17:24 น. วันที่ 21 ต.ค.64 »
The Jupiter® JM4 magnetostrictive level transmitter

The Jupiter® JM4 magnetostrictive level transmitter is a loop-powered 24 VDC liquid-level transmitter and is available as a direct insertion transmitter or as an external mounted transmitter onto a Magnetic Level Indicator. It relies on the position of a magnetic float which is designed precisely for the liquid to be measured. This high-accuracy device can be designed for liquid level and/or liquid-liquid interface measurement.

Principle
The Jupiter JM4 magnetostrictive level transmitter is a loop-powered 24 VDC liquid-level transmitter and is available as a direct insertion transmitter or as an external mounted transmitter onto a Magnetic Level Indicator. It relies on the position of a magnetic float which is designed precisely for the liquid to be measured. This high-accuracy device can be designed for liquid level and/or liquid-liquid interface measurement.

Technology of JM4 magnetostrictive level transmitter
Magnetostriction

A low-energy pulse, generated by the JUPITER electronics, travels the length of the magnetostrictive wire. A return signal is generated from the precise location where the magnetic field of a float intersects the wire. A timer precisely measures the elapsed time between the generation of the pulse and the return of the acoustic signal.  Each cycle occurs ten times per second, providing real-time and highly accurate level data.

How magnetostriction works
LOW-VOLTAGE PULSE

On-board electronics send a low-voltage electrical pulse down the magnetostrictive wire at the speed of light, ten times per second.

MAGNETS
Magnets contained within the float focus their energy toward the wire at the precise location of the liquid level.

PIEZOELECTRIC CRYSTALS
The mechanical wave is converted back into electrical energy by two piezoelectric crystals. The on-board electronics interpret the time-of-flight data and indicate the position of the float magnets.

TWIST
Interaction between the magnetic field, electrical pulse, and magnetostrictive wire cause a slight mechanical disturbance in the wire that travels back up the probe at the speed of sound.


Features of JM4 magnetostrictive level transmitter
         - 4-button user interface and graphical LCD display provide enhanced depth of data, indicating on-screen waveforms and troubleshooting tips.
         - 4-20 mA output
         - Rotatable housing can be dismantled without depressurising the vessel via “Quick connect/disconnect” probe coupling.
         - Ergonomic dual compartment enclosure
         - Simple set-up and configuration
         - Smart Probe Technology
         - Easy attachment to an MLI
         - Direct insertion for a wide variety of vessels and applications

Application of JM4 magnetostrictive level transmitter
Chemical

         - Chemical injection
         - Chemical injection skids
         - Condenser
         - Deionization tanks
         - Distillation columns
         - Distillation towers
         - Liquid-Liquid extraction
         - Neutralization
         - Quench Tower/Settler
         - Reboiler
         - Reflux drum
         - Scrubber vessels
         - Steam drums for chemical industry

Natural Gas
         - Chemical injection skids
         - Compressor Scrubber
         - Compressor Waste Liquid
         - Gas Dehydration
         - Natural gas separators
         - NGL recovery & Storage
         - Separators
         - Sour gas treatment
         - Sulfur Recovery
         - Vapor recovery unit

Petroleum Refining
         - Alkylation tanks
         - Catalytic reformers
         - Catalytic strippers
         - Crude desalting
         - Crude Dewatering
         - Diesel fuel storage tanks
         - Distillation columns
         - Distillation towers
         - Gun-barrel separators
         - Horizontal separators
         - Hydrocracking
         - Hydrodesulfurization
         - Isomerization
         - Reboiler
         - Separator boots
         - Solvent extraction
https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/jm4-magnetostrictive-level-transmitter/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #33 เมื่อ: 20:47 น. วันที่ 22 ต.ค.64 »
Magnetic level indicator Atlas™

The AtlasTM is our standard, high performance magnetic level indicator. The ATLAS is a single-chamber design, with either 2″, 2.5″, or 3″ chamber diameter, as required by the application. There are twelve basic configuration styles, including top mount models.

ATLAS magnetic level indicators are produced in a wide range of materials of construction, including exotic alloys and plastics. We also offers one of the most complete selections of process connection types and sizes for level measurement.

The ATLAS unit may be equipped with a variety of level transmitters and switches, as well as flag and shuttle indicators with or without stainless steel scales. This enables the ATLAS magnetic level indicator to be a complete level and monitoring control.

Principle
A change of level in the process tank corresponds to a similar change within the ATLAS chamber. In response to the level movement, the ATLAS float moves accordingly, actuating the flags or shuttle for visual indication.
Technology of Magnetic level indicator Atlas™

Magnetic Level Indicators (MLI) have revolutionized the global visual indication market by offering a safer, reliable, and high-visibility alternative to common gauge glass assemblies.  Utilizing a combination of proven buoyancy principles along with the benefits magnetism, MLIs can be customized to fit virtually any process connection arrangement on the vessel.

The chamber and magnetic float is available in a variety of materials and pressure ratings to accommodate the wide variety of complex process applications present in the world’s major industrial facilities.

Features of Magnetic level indicator Atlas™
         - Numerous chamber styles (or configurations) are available for each design. Consult factory for options not listed in this bulletin.
         - Complete range of level switches and level transmitters
         - Fabricated, non-magnetic chamber assembly produced in a wide range of metal and plastic materials
         - A wide range of process connections is available
         - Precision manufactured float with internal magnets and magnetic flux ring
         - ASME and EN 1092-1 process connections available
         - Flag or shuttle type indicator with stainless steel scale to measure height or percentage of level, volume or content
         - Standard float stop springs at top and bottom of chamber
         - Exceptional code qualified welding

Applications of Magnetic level indicator Atlas™
         - Feedwater heaters
         - Industrial boilers
         - Oil/water separators
         - Flash drums
         - Surge tanks
         - Gas chillers
         - Deaerators
         - Blowdown flash tanks
         - Hot wells
         - Vacuum tower bottoms
         - Alkylation units
         - Boiler drums
         - Propane vessels
         - Storage tanks
https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/magnetic-level-indicator-atlas/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #34 เมื่อ: 21:32 น. วันที่ 22 ต.ค.64 »
LNG ISO Tank for relocatable LNG station

Multi-layer Vacuum insulated cryogenic LNG ISO Tank is covered with double-walled shields. These are designed for efficient and cost-saving transportation.

Fixed chassis design provides excellent transportation. Even transporting in rough road, this design is strong enough to deliver in every situation.

LNG ISO container is your perfect choice for worldwide LNG transportation. The LNG ISO Tank has many customizable features. Moreover, 40-feet LNG tank is specially designed for easy transportation around the world.

LNG ISO cryogenic containers are commonly used in many countries for optimizing energy supply chains and storing liquefied natural gas in urban and rural areas. As specific customer’s requirement, customer can possibly buy or lease the containers for short or long periods. We will offer you a cost-effective solution.

Especially, LNG ISO tank and containers are designed for transportation not only on the road and rail but also in the sea and especially for international transportation.

The most outstanding function of LNG ISO Container is the ability to transport among land, railway and ocean. Gms Interneer has many partners whose enterprise passed the Ministry of Communications and national Marine Board LNG container’ test. With excellent insulation, no matter how far the transportation is, LNG ISO Container is your suitable choice in any case.

How LNG ISO Tank works ?
The main circuit of LNG ISO Tank is divided as following:

Filling

The process starts with filling LNG into the storage tank through the E-1 and through the filling valve to the tank. Especially, the pressure must be controlled in proper level. There are two main parts:
          - Bottom fill is filling LNG into the bottom of the tank containing liquid which flows directly via V-1. When LNG combines with existing LNG in the tank, it turns to faster filling. However, it will also increase the pressure of the tank.
          - Top fill is filling LNG to the top of the storage tank directly via V-2. When LNG merges with gas vapor, it becomes slower filling. Moreover, it will reduce the pressure of the tank

Pressure Build-up

To control the pressure in the storage tank, it depends on the expansion of gasified LNG liquid. PBU-1, PBU-2 Build-up coils generating pressure are controlled by V-13 which is manual shutoff. Furthermore, Some cases can be automated by regulator or on-off valve. When the pressure of the tank decreases from standard level, On-Off Valve will open until it reaches the desired pressure. Finally, the On-Off Valve will be closed. The pressure change is involved with how much you use it, for example using LNG continuously.

Safety Device

Safety Device consists of 2 sets of PRV (Pressure Relief Valve) .Each set will have 2 pairs working together which are set to the Maximum Allowable Working Pressure. If the pressure is over the setpoint, PRV will start opening. It will close until the pressure in the system is equal to the setpoint.

Instrument Device

The gauge set consists of level gauge and pressure gauge:
          - The level gauge is differential pressure type by using the difference of the pressure level of the low pressure and the high pressure. This differential pressure will push diaphragm mechanism to show the result.
          - The pressure gauge is Bourdon Type. This type is measured at the cylinder head.

LNG outlet

LNG can be used by opening the V-3 valve to distribute it through E-3. Normally, ISO container can be moved in any places and loaded back. However, filling LNG can also do in the same time but the tank pressure must be controlled stably
           - Fill on V-2 (Top Fill ) by closing V-1 (Bottom Fill), which results from the top filling may decrease the tank pressure and fill slowly. Therefore, it relies on generating pressure from the pressure control circuit.
           - In case of opening, filling on V-2 (Top Fill ) and V-1 (Bottom Fill) will continue as usual procedure by controlling the balance of both valves. However, there will be some amount of existing LNG during the filling that flows through V-3 to use in operation. This makes the amount of LNG decrease .Therefore, if taking into account the filling volume from LNG Truck, there should be a flow meter to measure the amount.
https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/lng-iso-tank-for-lng-station/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #35 เมื่อ: 11:39 น. วันที่ 25 ต.ค.64 »
Magnetic level indicator Aurora®


Designed as an alternative and upgrade to traditional gauge devices, Magnetic Level Indicators (MLI) from Orion Instruments® are manufactured to provide accurate and reliable liquid level in a wide range of applications. Our MLI product line-manufactured globally at multiple facilities— requires minimum maintenance and eliminates common sight glass problems like vapor and liquid emission. Orion Instruments specializes in precision-engineered excellence and offers highly customized configurations and options for process environments, including those with extreme temperatures and pressures.

True Redundancy in a Single Chamber of Magnetic level indicator Aurora® .The Aurora® MLI combines Eclipse® Guided Wave Radar (GWR) and a float-actuated visual indicator to simultaneously provide both continuous and local level indication. So unique is the Orion Instruments ® dual redundancy within a singlechambered MLI that Aurora® has been granted a U.S. patent.

Technology of Magnetic level indicator Aurora®
Radar Transmitter

The Eclipse® transmitter continuously emits electromagnetic radar pulsesdirectly off the liquid surface.The on-board electronics provide a real-time level output, in addition to the external visual indicator operated by the Aurora® internal float.

Baffle Plate
The GWR probe area is separated from the freemoving float by a baffle plate.

Vertical Float
The custom float located inside the chamber is magnetically coupled to the visual indicator. The float rotates flags or moves a shuttle to visually indicate liquid tank level (as explained in more detail at right).

Visual Indication
The float positioned within the Aurora® chamber risesand falls according to levelchanges. The float contains an internal group of magnetsthat are “coupled” with magnets in the flags of the visual indicator. As the float moves, the flags rotate to expose the color of theiropposite side. The position where the flag’s color changes corresponds to a point on the measuring scale indicating true level. (The optional shuttle indicator moves parallel with the float to indicate level on the scale).


Optimum Float Performance
Orion Instruments® floats are engineered to provide the world’s best MLI performance.The 360-degree vertical placement of the magnets assures proper coupling with the flag or shuttle of the indicator, even if the float is spinning in its chamber. The magnetic assembly creates a constant Gauss rating optimized to ensure reliable performance. Float magnets are designed to function at temperatures up to +537° C (+1000° F) for years of reliable service.Special float alloys are available.

Baffle Plate
The superb float performance within the Aurora® is due in part to an angled baffle plate mounted inside the chamber.The baffle plate ➀ partitions the GWR probe area ➁ from the float area ➂ and serves as a guide to ensure both smooth float travel and proper indicator operation. Perforations along the baffleplate equalize pressure and allow free media flow within the chamber. The probe area ➁ also acts as a gasbypass zone when flashing occurs. This helps in preventing damage to the float.


Features of Magnetic level indicator Aurora®
Introduced in 1998, Eclipse® Guided Wave Radar (GWR) quickly ascended to its leading role in process level measurement. GWR is still favored throughout the industry for its easy setup, trouble-free operation, measurement accuracy, and immunity to changing process conditions.The Aurora® single chamber houses both the Eclipse® GWR probe and buoyancy float, with the former providing continuous measurement and the latter magnetically coupledto a visual indicator to provide local level indication. A flag-type indicator (or a moving shuttle) visually indicates liquid level. A variety of measurement scales and indicator flag colors are available.

Applications of Magnetic level indicator Aurora®
        - Alkylation Tanks
        - Blowdown Tanks
        - Boiler Drums
        - Condensation Tanks
        - Deaerators
        - Feedwater Heaters
        - Flash Drums
        - Gas Chillers
        - Hot Wells
        - Industrial Boilers
        - Oil-Water Separators
        - Propane Vessels
        - Storage Tanks
        - Surge Tanks
        - Vacuum Towers
https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/magnetic-level-indicator-aurora/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #36 เมื่อ: 18:58 น. วันที่ 25 ต.ค.64 »
Cameron Gate Valve with API6A standard

Over the course of the last century, numerous gate valve design genres have been developed for use in the oil and gas industry. Designs that have commonly been used to control fluid through production trees and flowlines include expanding , wedge, and slab-style gate valves. Cameron engineers have selected the best-suited features for development and impletiontation into Cameron Gate Valve with API6A standard

Overview – Cameron Gate Valve with API6A standard
        - Cameron designs and manufactures gate valves to API Spec 6A valves to help you meet the demands of land and offshore drilling and production, including
        - large-bore completions
        - extreme pressures and temperatures
        - heavy oil
        - sour service
        - subsea applications.

Application of Cameron Gate Valve with API6A standard
The FLS gate valve is part of the F Series of valves, which have been supplied for production and drilling service since 1958. Many of the features of the FLS are common to our original Type F gate valve, such as
        - full- and internally flushed bore and forged construction
        - metal-to-metal sealing
        - slab gate
        - design simplicity.

In other areas such as seat seals and stem seals, the FLS design takes advantage of our latest technology in materials and seal design.

The Cameron FLS gate valve is widely recognized as a high-quality valve for severe applications, available in pressure ratings from 2,000 to 20,000 psi and bore sizes from 1 13/16 to 11 in. The FLS valve is our standard valve for critical requirements, including extreme sour and subsea applications. In addition, it can be fitted with a wide range of our actuators.

FLS Gate valve : Product and Extreme service API6A slab-style gate valve Advantages
        - Metal-to-metal sealing
        - Reliability through simplicity of design
        - Bidirectional sealing
        - Stem backseat
        - Nonelastomeric, spring-loaded, pressure-energized stem seal that requires no longitudinal preload or precise spaceout
        - Innovative seat design
        - Lip seals that perform several functions:
                 - Serving as added barrier against contaminants and debris
                 - Maintaining contact between the gate and seats, eliminating body cavity clearance while retaining downstream sealing function of the slab gate
                 - Enhancing sealing integrity at very low differential pressures, where low bearing stresses tend to limit the effectiveness of the metal-to-metal seal
        - Qualification testing to API 6A, Annex F (PR-2) and Annex I (Class II)
        - Optional torque multiplier

        FL, FLS, and FLS-R gate valves, this chart represents typical valves for  API material classes AA, BB, CC, DD, EE, FF, and HH (except FL) , Temperature ratings K, L, P, S, T, U, and V , Product specification levels 1, 2, 3, 3G, and 4.

Available product : Nominal Bore size vs Working pressure

Reference Project
      - PTTEP Siam : Yearly Contract Supply for API Gate valve in 2014-2015
      - PTTEP Siam : Year Contract Supply for API Gate valve in 2021-2022
https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/cameron-gate-valve-with-api6a-standard/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #37 เมื่อ: 22:13 น. วันที่ 26 ต.ค.64 »
SMITH Gaskets – Smith International Gulf Services


SMITH Gaskets supplies a comprehensive range of oilfield products and services including industrial gaskets, advanced cutting services and hi-tech testing facilities.

A gasket is an elastomeric component that covers the point where two surfaces meet. They are often made of a range of materials, such as rubber, cork or paper, metal, copper, and foam. Because of its versatility, this adaptable element may be utilized for a variety of applications. These include anti-vibration, packaging, cleanliness, noise and sound reduction, and, perhaps most significantly, sealing. Gaskets are utilized in almost every industry, including food processing, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, water, and gas. Gasket materials are selected for their properties and capacity to endure a variety of conditions, including mining and deep-sea environments, as well as resistance to chemicals, alkaline acids, high temperatures, and pressure

How does a Gasket work?
A gasket must be squeezed enough to create a complete barrier that will form a pressure-tight seal and protect the contents within the seal in order for it to operate properly and seal away any leaks. Furthermore, gaskets protect moving components of an application by preventing them from rubbing against hard surfaces and causing friction. An elastomeric gasket is a component that creates a seal between two surfaces by sealing against the release or intake of both gases and liquids. They are excellent for filling defects and connecting two surfaces. Because a gasket will cover the gap between these two surfaces, it must be made of a material that is readily deformed and fills any imperfections. Compounds such as spiral wrapped gaskets are often made from a combination of metallic and softer filler material (flexible graphite). Metal gaskets must most of the time be squeezed at a greater tension in order to seal accurately. In certain instances, a sealant must be placed directly to the gasket to provide a leak-free seal.

Applications for Gaskets
A gasket is an important component in various production processes since they are available in a variety of specifications. Gasket material is selected for an installation based on properties like as resistance to chemicals, temperatures (or temperature variations), pressures, acids, gases, and, in certain cases, electromagnetic or electrical forces. Gaskets are widely used and may be found in automobiles, trains, aircraft, boats, electrical equipment, pumps, and a variety of other uses.

Industries that make use of gasket
A gasket material has the ability to withstand some of the most demanding conditions for industrial sealing goods, such as:
        - Chemical synthesis
        - Production of electricity
        - Petrochemical and deep-sea exploration
        - Oil and gas
        - Mining
        - Military
        - Aerospace
        - Filtration
        - Food and Beverage
        - Pharmaceutical
        - Industries involved in sanitary processing

Gaskets may be manufactured using a variety of methods, depending on the material and application, including:
        - Extrusion of rubber
        - Cold bond splicing and hot vulcanized splicing
        - Compression molding, injection molding, and transfer molding
        - Slitting with precision
        - Personalized die cutting
        - Waterjet chopp

Gaskets and seals are used in almost every application and sector, including oil and gas, manufacturing and industrial uses, pulp and paper production, and agricultural equipment. Gaskets that have become worn or damaged are simple to repair. It is common practice to replace gaskets whenever the equipment is dismantled and rebuilt.

PRODUCT OF SMITH Gaskets
RING TYPE JOINTS

Ring joint gaskets are metallic sealing rings suitable for high pressure and high temperature applications and are fitted in ring groove type flanges.They are widely used in the Oil/Gas and Petrochemical industry, in valves and pipe-work. Choice of material may be determined to suit higher temperatures and aggressive media. They comply with ASME B16.20 standards and API spec 6A (where applicable).

The gasket hardness is carefully controlled and shall always be softer than the mating flanges to ensure a good seal and no damage to the flange surface (note: RTJ gaskets should not be re-used). All SMITH RTJ gaskets are manufactured from fully traceable materials and are stamped to the requirements of API 6A and ASME B16.20. DIN 50049 3.1 certification is supplied with all orders. The gaskets are machined to the required tolerances and surface finish using high quality CNC lathes. All soft iron and carbon steel RTJ gaskets are electroplated with zinc 0.0005″ thick in accordance with API specifications. Other non-standard styles of metal rings are also available like combination, IX, Delta and Lens to customer specifications.

1) TYPE R 
R type ring joint gaskets are available in oval or octagonal cross section and manufactured in accordance to API 6A and ASME B16.20 to suit API 6B and ASME/ANSI B16.5 flanges. The oval ring fits the round and flat bottom ring groove flange, while the octagonal shape fits only the modern flat bottom groove flange.

2) TYPE RX
The RX type RTJ gasket is manufactured in accordance to API 6A and ASME B16.20 to suit API 6B and ASME/ANSI B16.5 flanges. The RX is a pressure energized version of the R octagonal gasket and fits the R type flat bottomed groove.
The RX has an increased height and utilizes the internal system pressure to energize and improve the seal as internal pressure increases. Some RX sizes have a pressure relief hole to equalize pressure both sides of the sealing faces

3) TYPE BX
The BX type RTJ gaskets are manufactured in accordance with API 6A and are suitable for use in high pressure API 6BX flanges.The gaskets form a metal-to-metal seal on assembly and the efficiency improves as internal pressure increases. All BX sizes have a pressure relief hole to equalize pressure across sealing faces.
         - SRX and SBX RTJ gaskets to API 17D for subsea applications.
         - IX rings for compact flanges
         - Other non-standard styles of metal rings are also available like combination, IX, Delta and Lens to customer specifications

SPIRAL WOUND GASKETS
Spiral Wound Gaskets are suitable for a wide range of operating conditions and can be adapted to suit almost all applications. The gaskets can seal fluid pressures up to 250 bar and temperature range of -200°C to in excess of 450°C.

THICKNESS : All RS and RSI gaskets for standard flanges have a 4.5mm thick sealing section of windings and filler material, with 3.2mm thick solid metal guide rings.

https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/smith-gaskets-smith-international-gulf-services/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #38 เมื่อ: 21:22 น. วันที่ 27 ต.ค.64 »
Tristar Best-in-Class Bolts and Nuts

Tri-Star Group of Companies is the Leading Global Manufacturer and Supplier of Best in Class Bolts and Nuts, Cable Support Systems, Cathodic Protection Systems and Hydraulic Bolt Tensioning and Torquing Tools and Services to the worldwide Energy & Infrastructure sectors.

The Tri-Star Industries Group started business in the late 70’s, trading and manufacturing bolts and nuts. From humble beginnings, the Group has made significant progress to become a renowned manufacturer of fluoropolymer coated bolts and nuts, cable support systems, cathodic protection products & services and hydraulic bolt tensioning & torquing products & services for the Oil, Gas, Power, Petrochemical, Marine and Infrastructure Industries around the world.


Overview – Tristar Bolts and Nuts
Fundamentals of Bolts and Nuts

In contrast to a screw, a bolt is typically accompanied with a nut and a washer in order to act as a fastener. As you tighten the nut, it forces the items you’re attaching towards one other, pushing the washer against one and tugging the bolt head against the other. Material, finish, size, and thread type must all be considered when matching a nut and washer to a bolt.

Materials and finishes for bolts, nuts, and washers
Steel is a popular material for nuts and bolts, however if they will be exposed to moisture or pressure-treated timber, which may corrode steel fasteners, ordinary steel fasteners need a corrosion-resistant coating. There are many popular DIY finishes.
         - Zinc-plated bolts are corrosion resistant but should only be used inside. The finish is often thin, will not withstand the weather outside, and is not suitable for use with pressure-treated timber. Yellow zinc or yellow dichromate provides a layer that covers the zinc plating for increased corrosion resistance, but it does not offer protection for outdoor usage or when used with pressure-treated timber.
         - Hot-dipped galvanized nuts, bolts, and washers are more corrosion resistant. These fasteners are designed for outdoor usage and are compatible with pressure-treated timber.
         - Powder-coated paint finishes are intended for usage on the inside.
         - Black phosphate is a coating that allows for excellent paint adherence.
         - The corrosion resistance of epoxy and other coatings varies based on the kind of coating. Specific applications should be found in the product information.
         - Stainless steel has excellent corrosion resistance. Stainless steel nuts, bolts, and washers are often used in exterior projects and when working with pressure-treated timber
         - Because of their enhanced strength, hardened steel bolts are often utilized in automobile assembly.

Sizes of Bolts, Nuts, and Washers
Bolt, nut, and washer sizes will be specified in metric millimeters (mm) or standard or Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) inches (in). A bolt’s diameter is typically the outer diameter of the threads. Compare the outside diameter of a bolt to the interior diameter of a nut and washer. Diameters of 1/4 inch and less are denoted by a # and a whole number in SAE nuts and bolts (a bolt with a main diameter of 3/16 inch is a #10 bolt). Smaller numbers represent smaller dimensions.

The distance between the end of the bolt and the underside of the bolt head, also known as the bearing surface, is typically indicated by length.

Thread Types for Bolts, Nuts, and Washers
Nuts and bolts are either coarsely or finely threaded. Match the threading of a nut to the threading of a bolt.
           - The most prevalent are coarse-threaded nuts and bolts, which have greater space between the threads. They’ll be identified by a higher  thread pitch. Because coarse-threaded bolts and nuts are less prone to get stuck or cross-threaded, they may be secured more rapidly.
            - Fine-threaded nuts and bolts with lower thread pitches have fewer thread gaps, resulting in a tight, firm grip. Vibrations are less likely to dislodge a nut on a fine-threaded bolt but installing or removing the nut will take longer.

PRODUCT OF Tristar Bolts and Nuts
MASTERCOTE Fasteners
Studbolts

Studbolts are made from long length of bars. We sell studbolts and nuts plain, Mastercote PTFE coated, Cadmium, Zinc Nickel Plated, Galvanised and other types of coatings. Electroless Nickel plating is also available.Mastercote® fluoropolymer coated bolts and nuts were developed by us to initially service the oil and gas companies in Malaysia. We worked closely with them to derive a product that was both effective and cost efficient.Mastercote® coating is effective and more economical than using stainless, incoloy, titanium and dother exotic materials.Mastercote® bolting materials last much longer than any other fluoropolymer coatings. Mastercote® gives the best corrosion resistance, low friction with self-lubricating, non-galling properties – thus reducing make-up and break out torques. It is excellent for offshore and subsea installations.Mastercote® resists most acids and is unaffected even when exposed to hydrogen sulphide at 121ºC at 2,000psi.
             - ASTM A193 – Imperial sizes 3/8 to 4” dia
             - Metric sizes M12 tom M52
             - ASTM A320 L7 – 1/2” to 4”
             - ASTM A193 B16 – 1/2” to 4” dia
             - ASTM A193/A320 B8 Class 2 & Class 1
             - (SS304) 1/2” through to 2 3/4” dia
             - ASTM A193/A320 B8M Class 2 & Class 1
             - (SS316) 1/2” through to 2 3/4” dia

In-House Furnace
B7M/2HM and L7M/Gr 7M are produced in-house (tested and certified). These are then oiled, grit blasted, plated or Mastercote finished.
 

    - Subsea
We are API 20E & 20F certified, specially to the subsea stringent requirements.

    - Anchor, U-bolts
We manufcture “U” bolts, pipe clamps and anchor bolts to clients’ specifications, in different thread forms (UNC, 8UN and or Metric) of carbon, stainless steel or any material grades. Available coating finishes: Zinc plate, Zinc-nickel plate, Cadmium plate, Xylan Fluorocarbon finishing coat. We also perform hot-dip and mechanical galvanizing in-house. Optional items: Clamps or ‘U’ bolts can be supplied with Neoprene sleeve, pad or strip or vulcanized rubber.

    - Load Indicating Fasteners
         Maxbolt Load Indicating Fastener
Maxbolt load indicating fasteners continuously displays the amount of tension in a bolt or stud. They offer a simple method for accurate joint assembly, and it is the only product available (for most applications) that will continuously clamping force while the fastener is in service. Maxbolt load indicating fasteners are manufactured by inserting extremely accurate and durable load monitoring devices into high quality bolts and studs. Now, even inexperienced workers can complete complex assemblies with full assurance that fasteners are at the proper tension. Maxbolt also provide in-service monitoring which will warn users of any loosening in order to avoid premature wear, unnecessary downtime, or catastrophic failure.Our Maxbolt load indicating fasteners comes in various shapes and sizes. It can be manufactured from standard ANSI materials to exotic materials.

SPC4 Load Indicating Fasteners
        The SPCA load indicating fastener allows user to install a bolted assembly with confidence. The user can constantly monitor the clamp load of any SPC4 bolted joint whether static or dynamic, by attaching a probe to the datum disc located on the end of the fastener and reading the value on a hand held  battery powered digital monitor. Optional data gathering and storage of the bolted joint are available.The integrity of a bolted joint is jeopardized when fasteners lose their tension. This loss of clamping force begins during assembly due to elastic interactions and joint relaxation. Self-loosening continues when the joint is put in service due to vibrations, temperature changes, shocks, etc. The SPC4 joint allows the end-user to retighten only the bolts or studs that have lost their clamp load resulting in a tremendous saving of maintenance time, money and replacement parts. For a minimal investment, the SPC5 offers maximum joint integrity with optimum performance.
https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/tristar-best-in-class-bolts-and-nuts/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #39 เมื่อ: 21:44 น. วันที่ 27 ต.ค.64 »
MOZLEY FLUIDIZER – Settled solids removal system


Schlumberger has a variety of solids and sand management systems that provide identifiable value in solving problems at the source,thus alleviating downstream issues and reducing operational concerns.

Overview – MOZLEY FLUIDIZER – Settled solids removal system
Fluidize many solid sizes settled in your process vessel

The MOZLEY FLUIDIZER settled solids removal system is a compact and efficient device used to generate flowing slurry from solids settled at the bottom of a tank or vessel. It is uniquely designed for online discharge of sand from vessels with minimum disruption to interface levels.

Free solids trapped in the system
The MOZLEY FLUIDIZER system uses a spray head that delivers fluidizing water at the right flow rate and in the right direction. Water flows up through the center of the solids remover and out through the nozzle at the top. It clears a 15-in cylinder with a 30°–40° cone around it, fluidizing and removing sand from the area. The fluidized sand flows out through the system annulus; more sand falls into the cleared area and is fluidized.

Special features:
           - No moving parts
           - Vertical or horizontal configuration
           - Controlled injection of water
           - Compact design easy to retrofit

Design custom solutions using various flow rates and configurations
An outlet route for the fluidized sand and solids provides flow resistance. This resistance ensures the sand will flow out of the vessel at a rate matching that of the incoming liquid, which prevents any change of levels in the vessel.

The MOZLEY FLUIDIZER system is available in three sizes, with slurry flow rates of 15, 35, and 66 galUS/min. We can help you select the correct flow for your process and equipment downstream of the flow.The solids removers can be mounted either individually, through vessel nozzles (4-in nozzles for optimal clearance), or manifolded together on a common header.

Application of MOZLEY FLUIDIZER – Settled solids removal system
The MOZLEY FLUIDIZER system uses a controlled injection of water into the sandcontaining vessel to generate a shallow yet broad zone of fluidized sand adjacent to the bottom of the vessel. Because no vortex is created, disturbance is localized to the area containing the deposited sand. This slurry flows toward the MOZLEY FLUIDIZER system, where it passes through an internal flow passage and is discharged from the system outlet. The system’s large zone of influence means that large volumes of sand can be removed by a single device, while the horizontal fluidization profile generates practically no disturbance in the liquid above. The MOZLEY FLUIDIZER system discharges a slurry of constant concentration until the sand level drops such that it is exposed when the slurry concentration will fall rapidly, giving a distinct cut-off point. The fluidizing water may be a separately pumped source or taken from the upstream process.
MOZLEY FLUIDIZER system installed on a horizontal separator
https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/mozley-fluidizer-settled-solids-removal-system/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #40 เมื่อ: 20:23 น. วันที่ 28 ต.ค.64 »
MOZLEY Wellhead Desander- Solids removal system

Consisting of single or multiple cyclone inserts housed inside a vessel operating at the appropriate well head design pressure,MOZLEY Wellhead Desander solids removal systems are used at the production wellhead.These efficient units protect downstream equipment from mechanical damage and erosion. They also prevent partial blocking and settlement of sand in seperators that lead to a reduction in capacity.

Overview – MOZLEY Wellhead Desander- Solids removal system
- Eight times longer lifespan in aggressive multiphase well fluid environments

The MOZLEY Wellhead Desander Solids removal system provides unmatched performance and durability in one of the most difficult and important solids management applications: sand removal from wellhead fluids. To provide the most effective desanding and offer the best protection for equipment downstream of the wellhead, choosing the best hydrocylone configuration is key.

- Protect process equipment erosion and downtime
MOZLEY Wellhead Desander solids removal systems mitigate the effects of sand production, such as mechanical damage to equipment; erosion of pumps, valves, chokes, and flowlines; and reduction in separator capacity due to settlement of sand. The systems use a simple, compact design based on solid-liquid hydrocyclones to separate solids from both the gas and liquid components of well fluids. The hydrocyclone housings can be customized to handle high wellstream pressures and widely varying feed conditions.

- Choose fit-for-purpose solids removal at the wellhead
Selection of the hydrocyclone internals depends on the range of viscosities and specific gravities of the well fluids and the operating gas/liquid ratios. Proper selection ensures optimal performance throughout the operating ranges and provides equipment downstream of the desanding system with superior wear protection.

MOZLEY Wellhead Desander systems employ solid liners made of special silicon nitride ceramic material developed expressly for use in hydrocyclone liners. These liners last eight times longer than competitive alumina ceramic desanders or ceramic-coated hydrocyclones. This provides a reduction of downtime stemming from hydrocyclone wear and replacement, which lowers operating expense. Additionally, the liners are self-cleaning, and slugging of solids will not plug them, further reducing downtime and lowering opex.

- Use multiple small hydrocyclones for greater efficiency
The core of the system is the hydrocyclone liner. Use of extensively enhanced geometrical features and specifically selected construction materials maximizes performance and minimizes erosion in aggressive multiphase well fluid environments. Multiple hydrocyclones are typically installed within a pressure vessel, providing significantly greater efficiency and operating life compared with a large-diameter single hydrocyclone or ceramic-coated metal inserts.
 
These hydrocyclone clusters cope with the surges of gas and liquid flows much better than large-diameter single hydrocyclones, operating instantaneously to achieve solids separation. With a single hydrocyclone, any high-concentration slugs of solids can potentially block the inlet and underflow, preventing flow.

For less-demanding separation duties, a large-diameter single liner—typically 10-in diameter or greater—can be used. Packaged in a vessel, the single-liner design can reduce costs compared with multiple liners.

Application of MOZLEY Wellhead Desander- Solids removal system
The cyclone inserts of the MOZLEY Wellhead Desander system are specifically designed for each application using proprietary computer simulations. The silicon nitride ceramics developed expressly for used in the solid ceramic hydrocyclone liners deliver 8 times greater wear resistance, as compared with standard grades of ceramic liners or ceramic-coated hydrocyclones. Wellstream fluids enter the cyclone tangential inlet, which forces the mixture to spin and in turn causes the gas to disengage quickly. Both gas and liquids migrate toward the center of the cyclone, as a reduction in cyclone diameter accelerates the fluid while concurrently generating strong centrifugal forces. The gas and liquid flow then reverses and moves upward toward the overflow vortex finder. Solids are separated from the gas and liquid, forced toward the cyclone wall, where they travel down the length of the conical section of the cyclone in a spiral pattern to the solids outlet. The separated solids fall through into the accumulator vessel situated on the underflow of the wellhead desander, or a continuous hydrotransport device can be used. The accumulator vessel is periodically isolated and collected solids are flushed out. The wellhead desander itself remains online and operating while the accumulator is being cleaned.


https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/mozley-wellhead-desander-solids-removal-system/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #41 เมื่อ: 19:41 น. วันที่ 29 ต.ค.64 »
MOZLEY Desanding Hydrocyclone

MOZLEY Desanding Hydrocyclone as solids-water seperator efficiently and reliably removes solids from fluid streams. Fully packages designs are scalable to meet size requirements and can be fully automated to provide efficient,compact,solid-liquid seperation capabilities,including solids removal from produced water streams.

Overview – MOZLEY Desanding Hydrocyclone
- Remove solids from fluid streams with a range of properties

The MOZLEY Desanding Hydrocyclone solids-water separator is a versatile technology based on an optimized internal geometry that can accommodate a range of solid types and concentrations, fluid rates, pressures, and temperatures. This makes MOZLEY separators well-suited for the unique applications found in the oil and gas industry, including treatment of produced water, aquifer water, and deballast water; hydrocarbon desanding; and other sand cleaning operations.

Manufactured from abrasion-resistant ceramics that provide enhanced wear resistance and longer life, MOZLEY separators are designed to increase solids removal and reduce downstream issues while still allowing full production.

- Handle high flow rates with a compact system
Many hydrocyclones can be packed into a single vessel, resulting in a high unit flow rate. There are no moving parts in a vessel and operate continuously with minimum supervision and maintenance. Sand separation can be a fully automated with continuous or batch discharge of solids, with or without sand accumulation.

- Special features :
        - Separation of 98% of particles from 3 to 108 um
        - Flow rates from 25 to 100,000 bbl/d [3 to 11,924 m3/d] of water
        - Pressure drop of 10 psi [0.07 MPa] from inlet to overflow outlet

- Customizable solutions for your solids challenges
The performance of a hydrocyclone depends on the pressure drop across the inlet and overflow outlet and the volume split to underflow. In general, a higher pressure drop yields a higher capacity and sharper separation.

Thus, the diameter of a hydrocyclone influences the size of solids removed. MOZLEY Desanding Hydrocyclone separators are available with individual hydrocyclone sizes ranging from 0.5 in to 30 in, with 2-in or 3-in ceramic desanding hydrocyclones standard for most applications.

The larger diameter, single-liner units offer high flow rates, but are not as efficient at removing smaller solids as narrower-diameter units that have multiple liners in a single vessel. Because of this, the diameter of hydrocyclone is selected based on the size of solids targeted for removal, with further optimization achieved by tailoring aspects such as inlet and outlet diameter. Construction material can also be matched to the solids expected in the system, for instance polyurethane for low-temperature applications, or extremely abrasion-resistant ceramic materials to address highly erosive solids.

Matching the most suitable hydrocyclone geometry with construction materials that can best address the characteristics of the process fluid and suspended solids creates a customized separation solution for most applications that will deliver reliability and efficiency over alternatives.


Application of  MOZLEY Desanding Hydrocyclone
The solids-water separator operates via pressure drop. Fluids are directed along an involute into the desander, which causes the fluid to spin. Strong centrifugal forces are generated by the spinning motion, causing the solids and liquid to separate. The centrifugal force generated in a hydrocyclone varies over its length and may reach a maximum of 2,000 g. Heavier solids are forced outward toward the wall of the hydrocyclone, and the lighter fluids migrate toward the center core. Because of geometric variables and flow patterns, the lighter fluids flow through the overflow, and the heavier solids are directed to the underflow. The result is a process with a retention time of typically 2 to 3 seconds. Hydrocyclones provide simple and effective means of achieving effective separation of solids and sand from produced and other water streams.For removing solids from a production system, desanders can be utilized either upstream or downstream of a production separator. The typical location is downstream of the production separator on the water outlet and upstream of the water level control valve. The majority  of the sand is accumulated in the separator and will travel out with the water stream. This water outlet is located on the bottom center position of the separator to minimize solids buildup.
https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/mozley-desanding-hydrocyclone/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #42 เมื่อ: 10:28 น. วันที่ 02 พ.ย.64 »
CYCLOTECH SCARPA Cyclonic separation technologies


CYCLOTECH SCARPA Cyclonic separation technologies removes sand and other solids from a production seperator on either a continous or batch basis.The modular system can be retrofitted into existing seperators as well as be incorporated into new-build plants.The SCARPA system can convert a three-phase seperator into a true four-phase seperator or a two-phase seperator into a true-phase seperator.The system was developed for topside and subsea production seperators.

Overview – CYCLOTECH SCARPA Cyclonic separation technologies
CYCLOTECH SCARPA Cyclonic separation technologies is one of the most important machines.Whether produced from the reservoir or introduced through well servicing, produced solids are a growing concern for upstream operators. If left uncontrolled, solids production can cause major flow assurance issues.

The keys to successful topside sand handling is flexibility in process design, technology selection, and  Sand production is unpredictable, and the management solution is never universal. Sand management almost always includes factors such as accumulation, fluidization, transportation, cleaning, and disposal—all of which require careful consideration.

Our sand management technologies and sophisticated process design methodologies provide you with the tools to optimize sand management for every application, including multiphase, in-separator and liquid phase.

Hydraulic conveyance of the CYCLOTECH SCARPA eductive sand jetting system can be directed toward one or more discharge outlet nozzles and then routed to a CYCLOTECH Sandscape system.


- Sand receiving and cleaning systems
We offer a range of CYCLOTECH separation technologies that clean sand to such low oil concentrations that the cleaned material can be pretreated prior to shipment to shore or reinjected into the reservoir.

- CYCLOTECH SCARPA eductive sand jetting system
CYCLOTECH SCARPA eductive sand jetting system is a sand-conveying and -removing apparatus that removes sand and other solids from a production separator on a continuous or batch basis. The modular system can be used to retrofit existing separators or incorporated into new-build plants.

- Advantages
         - Decreases pumped flow rate requirement
         - Produces no effect on oil-water separation performance
         - Maximizes separator water pad residence time
         - Eliminates sand carryover to water and oil outlet streams
         - Limits residue sand to less than 5% of total
         - Reduces potential erosion and corrosion of separator
         - Eases sand removal as it has less time to solidify in place
         - Minimizes and controls sand concentrations in outlet pipe work, optimizing the availability and performance of downstream sand-handling equipment
         - Limits the size and complexity of the downstream receiving equipment
         - Minimizes risk of blockage

Application of  CYCLOTECH SCARPA Cyclonic separation technologies
The SCARPA system creates a low-velocity flow that runs along the bottom of the separator through the use of specialized eductor nozzles. An eductor is an established solids-conveyance device that uses a small flow of high-pressure motive fluid to pump a higher-flow, lower-pressure fluid. The eductors’ format of suction from behind and discharge in front enables hydraulic balancing to generate a dynamic layer of water of comparatively low velocity along the bottom of a separator. Such hydraulic balancing prevents sand from settling and acts as an effective solids-transport system with minimal radial (vertical) disturbance.

This hydraulic conveyor can be directed toward one or more discharge outlet nozzles at the bottom of the separator and then routed to the suction of an external CYCLOTECH Sandscape* solids conveyance and concentration control system, which controls ejection of solids from the separator.
https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/cyclotech-scarpa-cyclonic-separation/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #43 เมื่อ: 13:34 น. วันที่ 02 พ.ย.64 »
CYCLOTECH WDC Series Wellhead desanding cyclone technologies


CYCLOTECH WDC series wellhead desanding cyclone technologies can be applied to a wide range of gas/liquid ratios.Deploying WDC Series technologies enables determining the potential range of actual wellhead flowing conditions,designing the cyclone geometry to suit, and predecting seperation performance and cyclone pressure drop.

Overview – CYCLOTECH WDC Series Wellhead desanding cyclone technologies
- Customized new-generation solids separation technology

Schlumberger wellhead and production desanding cyclones represent a new generation of solids separation technology specifically designed for multiphase wellstreams. These custom-engineered technologies use the presence of the gas phase to improve rather than detract from separation performance.Therefore, CYCLOTECH WDC Series Wellhead desanding cyclone has an important role in this part.

Advantages
         - Improved reliability through protecting chokes, flow lines, and manifolds from erosion as well as downstream equipment from erosion, corrosion, and blockage
         - Reduced production separator sand jetting requirements
         - Increased production above sand‑free rates

Application of CYCLOTECH WDC Series Wellhead desanding cyclone technologies
WDC Series technologies have no moving parts and separate solids from multiphase well streams by density differential, using only a small pressure drop across the cyclone. A solids-laden multiphase flow is directed into the inlet section of the cyclone via a tangential inlet port. This causes the fluid to spin at high velocity, creating a high-g radial acceleration field. The dense-phase solid particles are forced outward to the hydrocyclone inner wall. There, through internal hydrodynamic forces, solids are ejected from the apex of the cyclone while the rest of the multiphase flow exits via an axial port that is adjacent to the inlet. The separated solids are collected in a separate solids accumulator, which can be periodically purged on line without interrupting the hydrocyclone operation. This eliminates the need for duty or standby operation.

https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/cyclotech-wdc-series-wellhead/

ออฟไลน์ wm5398

Re: GMS Interneer oil & gas equipment users in Thailand
« ตอบกลับ #44 เมื่อ: 09:03 น. วันที่ 03 พ.ย.64 »
LNG Cylinder

Our LNG Cylinder supplier is the leader of LNG Cylinder in China market where is the biggest market in the world.

Our LNG Cylinder certified by ECE R110 (Regulation No.110)
ตรงตามข้อกำหนดของกรมการขนส่งทางบก สำนักวิศวกรรรมยานยนตร์ ตามบันทึกข้อความวันที่8 มิถุนายน2564 ข้อ1.1

Product Overview
- Double gas Cylinder Installed on the back
Size: 240L; 330L;450L/500L
Customer : FAW Jiefang (Changchun and  Qingdao) , SAIC Iveco Hongyan

- Extra Large Gas Cylinder with Aluminum Alloy Frame
Size: 750L; 995L;1000L;1350L
Customer : FAW Jiefang (Changchun and Qingdao), SAIC Iveco Hongyan Truck

- Single gas cylinder installed by the side
Customer: FAW Jiefang(Changchun and  Qingdao, SAIC Iveco Hongyan

- Compressed air resevoirSize: 15L-45L  Aluminum gas containerCustomer : FAW Jiefang Chengdu

Workshop and Capacity
        - Solid warehouse
        - High efficiency
        - Well organized workshop

Cylinder Model Specification



Inspections and Tests


Our Customers

Components

How it works
ระบบการเติม
จะเติมเข้าผ่าน  Connector J-1  LNG จะไหลผ่าน Check Valve C-1 เข้าสู่ถัง ซึ่งถ้าในระหว่างเติมมีความดันถังเพิ่มขึ้นมากกว่า 0.7 MPa ความดันจะถูกระบายออกไปผ่าน V-1 และ Connector J-2

ระบบการสร้างแรงดันภายในถัง
เมื่อมีการใช้งาน LNG อย่างต่อเนื่องซึ่งเป็นผลให้ความดันภายในถังลดลง จะทำให้ไม่มีแรงดันเพียงพอต่อการดัน LNG เข้าสู่ระบบเชื้อเพลิง ระบบนี้จะทำงานโดยการใช้คุณสมบัติการขยายตัวจาก LNG เปลี่ยนสถานะเป็น NG โดยมีขั้นตอนคือ

การไหลของ LNG จะเริ่มเมื่อความดันในระบบมีค่าต่ำกว่าความดันที่ Regulator E-4 ตั้งไว้ (0.3-0.7 Mpa) LNG จะไหลผ่านวาล์ว V-3, E-2, E-4 ไปจนถึง PBC (Pressure Build-up coil) ซึ่งจะเป็นสถานะก๊าซ NG ไหลกลับเข้าไปในถังเพื่อเพิ่มแรงดัน

ระบบสร้างแรงดันจะหยุดทำงานต่อเมื่อแรงดันภายในถังกลับเข้ามาสู่สภาวะปกติโดยค่าแรงดันจะต้องมีค่ามากกว่าค่าความดันที่กำหนดไว้ของ Regulator E-4 ตั้งไว้ (0.3-0.7 Mpa)

ระบบ ECONIMIZER
ในสภาวะการเก็บ LNG ในถัง จะมีการเปลี่ยนสถานะของก๊าซเหลว กลายเป็นไอก๊าซ อยู่ (Normal Evaporation) ซึ่งเมื่อแรงดันของถังสูงขึ้น จนเกินกว่าค่าแรงดันใช้งานที่ตั้งไว้  จะทำให้เกิดแรงดันส่วนเกินในถัง ระบบนี้จะทำงานโดยการนำแรงดันส่วนเกินนี้มาใช้งานก่อนระบบการจ่าย LNG ในสภาะวะปกติ โดยมีขั้นตอนคือ

การไหลของ NG จะเริ่มเมื่อความดันในระบบมีค่าสูงกว่าความดันที่ Regulator E-1 ตั้งไว้ (0.6-1.2 Mpa)  NG จะไหลผ่านวาล์ว V-2, E-2 ไปจนถึง Pr (Vaporizer Cross flow type) และ E-3 ซึ่งจะเป็นสถานะก๊าซ NG ไหลผ่านไปยัง Buffer tank ซึ่งคือท่อจ่าย NG ในสภาวะปกติจนถึงระบบเครื่องยนต์

ระบบ Economizer จะหยุดทำงานต่อเมื่อแรงดันภายในถังกลับเข้ามาสู่สภาวะปกติโดยค่าแรงดันจะต้องมีค่าต่ำกว่าค่าความดันที่กำหนดไว้ของ Regulator E1 ตั้งไว้ (0.6-1.2 Mpa)

ระบบการจ่าย LNG
ในสภาวะการเก็บ LNG ในถัง ที่มีสถานะปกติ LNG จะไหลผ่านวาล์ว C-2 ,V-2, E-2 ไปจนถึง Pr (Vaporizer Cross flow type) ซึ่งจะเป็นสถานะก๊าซ NG ไหลผ่านไปยัง E-3 และ Buffer tank ซึ่งคือท่อจ่าย NG ในสภาวะปกติ จ่ายไปยังเครื่องยนต์

https://www.gmsthailand.com/product/lng-cylinder-for-truck

 


ร่วมขับเคลื่อนโดย
เว็บไซท์นี้จัดสร้างขึ้นมาเพื่อเป็นสังคมออนไลน์ของชาวหาดใหญ่ - สงขลา สงวนลิขสิทธิ์ © บริษัท บ้านเรา คอร์ปอเรชั่น จำกัด
นโยบาย | เกี่ยวกับเรา | ลงโฆษณา | ร้องเรียน | แจ้งข้อผิดพลาด | ติดต่อเรา | มีอะไรใหม่ในเว็บกิมหยง | คุยกับเว็บมาสเตอร์
เครือข่ายเว็บไซท์ท้องถิ่นไทย [ ตรัง ] [ ขอนแก่น ] [ เชียงใหม่ ] [ เชียงราย ] [ อุดรธานี ] [ หาดใหญ่ - สงขลา ] [ น่าน ] [ พัทลุง ] [ นครศรีธรรมราช ]